POLITICAL TREND

The political trend in India kick starts and proceeds like a marathon but does not, or seems not to have finality, although politics is the oldest profession . Any political party definitely begins with or has good ideas, but ends up confused as to what is its goal. This may be because no party is given or left without opposition, to show or do what it has promised its people. Just like there are two sides of the same coin, every party has two sides good and bad. As soon as one party comes to power, the others are busy doing research to pull out all the possible loopholes and flaws to defame the seated power. The seated power would fight and fight to save their party. Anyone who would support its leader when he is wrong is welcomed into the party. All during his tenure, time is spent in looking over his shoulders to see if his supporters are there for him. If yes, then he is confident that he is the true leader or his position is safe.

Today India has innumerable Indians who want to serve the country by being the part of the system. Innumerable parties have been formed, each one with its own cause- fight corruption, help the down-trodden, spread education, good governance, equal representation for women, help the farmers etc etc. Everyone wants everything asked for. But how to achieve, what path, what methods-nobody is aware.

These are the questions which each political party in its tenure is attempting to study & find. But how sad! Term ends but no solution. The party ends up not by placing itself at the service of the nation but by placing the nation at its service.

Right Now We Are Talking About Morals…

We talk about morals in our society but I need to really see if at we care 20000 lives lost in Bhopal gas tragedy, Latur earthquake another 25ooo, Gujrat 25 thousand more and the list is endless and what do we find here politicians across party lines just want to score brownie points. We are not even counting the endless scams money laundering, sexual misconduct of persons in influential positions. Thanks to the media who dig deeper and deeper to let the people be aware of the role of persons concerned.

If the people of India are revolting or making a protest its time they were heard. Might I ask why the entire eastern region is underdeveloped and people are in a worse condition than they were in at the time of independence.

We complain about people from UP, Bihar, Jharkhand and other areas flooding our metros but its the well known fact that it is a well planned systematic neglect of the entire region.Then the present govt and the one before it ties up with the likes of Shiboo Soren and Madhu Koda. Neither the Congress or the BJP or for that matter any politician is free from guilt! They have ripped our gentle, well mannered citizens apart through and through.

Now what do we have really anarchy, violence, break down of administrative machinery and everything thats negative to the growth of  a healthy society. Do we care or do we….

WILL INDIA BECOME A DEVELOPED NATION BY 2050?

India of my dreams is a country without poverty. I want India of liberty, equality and fraternity. What is a country without freedom? What is a nation without equality? What is a land without brotherhood? India today is very far from becoming a developed nation. India has many loop holes in it until the loop holes are not filled India can never become a developed nation. This sentence can create anger and some readers but it is the truth, it can’t hide. India’s motto is “satyamev jayate” so there is no problem in telling the truth.

The first problem of India is corruption. In today’s India everything is on sale. From tables, chairs to government employees in many positions misusing their post. India has about 72 lakh crore black money deposited in the Swiss bank deposited by our prestigious politicians. 60% of the ministers have assets more than 100 crore and many have assets even more than 2000 crore as in the case of former CM of Jharkhand. Then how will India develop?

Next and the latest problem in India is lack of brotherhood. There is a very much decrease in brotherhood in present India. There is an old proverb in Hindi that before complaining about situations in other’s house in our neighborhood we should solve our own problems in our own house first. India is asking and warning Australian govt. that proper care should be taken to provide protection to Indian students and peoples of every community in Australia should live with brotherhood. But in India itself there is no brotherhood as in the case of MNS supporters of Maharashtra beating the people of Bihar.

We should avoid such problems in our own country first. India was living in brotherhood until 20TH century only but now the situation has changed.

Next problem in our country is not focusing on technology improvement. 70% of work in Indian govt. is done without the use of technology. Indian government spends very less money on technology, security etc. example: India spends 2% of its budget on railway security but U.S spends a whopping 30% on railway security. Our internet and broadband systems are of very basic nature.

Some people say that Indian engineers work in majority in many countries that’s why they are becoming developed nation but most of the great engineers are now working in India itself. In the 1950’s Russia first launched a rocket in the space as no Indian was involved in that technology. That was the technology created by Russians themselves.

But now India is creating great engineers and doctors through IIT’s, NIT’s. AIIMS and other institutions. But our education has many loop holes in our country. So our education system should be reformed. Our education system should follow the system depicted in the film “3 IDIOTS”.

Another problem is that youth are not participating in politics because age limit for joining the politics is high. Age limit should be reduced to 26. Because youths have a craze for technology, and more mature thinking than the old politicians.

So my conclusions are that until the above problems are solved India can’t become a developed nation even India steps into 2100. I love my country very much as you do and I am proud of it and I want to make a better India in the future and want to see India steps into the list of developed nation soon.

Thank you for reading and remember to post your comments, ideas, thoughts.

PRAVEEN

The Pradhan Committee

Every one must be aware about the Pradhan Committee, it has been formed to investigate the remarks of the former Police commissioner Hasan Gaffoor about the absence of higher officials and lack of visible control and command on 26/11. The committee was headed by the former Governor and Union Home secretary R.D.Pradhan. This committee has been formulated to investigate the remarks of the Retd commissioner and about the actual happenings of 26/11/2008. The former commissioner made his remarks after a year on the incident about the officials and authorities irresponsibility over the conflict, the support and the courage which had been offered is not up to the mark’ he stated. The committee has been formed by Maharashtra government to investigate the statement grounds which founds serious lapses on the part of Mr. Gafoor in handling the war like attack. But it has not found any fault on the part of police and officers. In reverse it praised the efforts of the authorities and the officers and it also mentioned that there was absence of overt leadership on the part of Mr. Hasan Gafoor and lack of visible command and control at the CP’s office and the report is tabled by Home Minister R.R.Patil in the Assembly on Monday (21/12/2009).

Through this one thing is well and clear that the efforts of the authorities are being appreciated and the complaint respondent has become the victim for the report. 26/11 is really a critical situation. The forces which are united and struggled hard to get rid of the situation must not indulge themselves in the later part by complaining about one another. It could be a needless fight but it has proven the national integrity against the terrorism and also the people’s whole hearted support against the operation. The Government has learnt a lesson on its security measures and taking proactive decisions on the global threat, likewise the authorities must take this committee’s report seriously and encourage its positives statements and should prevent the negative happenings (the reason behind the committee) and also need act. In order to have a winner, the team must have a feeling of unity; every player must put the team first-ahead of personal glory.

Arabbi/Farsi lexicon in Sanskrit!

gobooks

RAJAVYAVAHARAKOSHA (composed in 1675 A.D) is a bilingual  lexicon composed by Raghunatha Pandita ordered by Chatrapati Shivaji.This lexicon lists  some words from  Persian, Arabic, Turki, Hindustani and local origins with Sanskrit equivalents. Mainly  court terms and official language are highlighted in the present work. Usually Sanskrit dictionaries and lexicographies written in verse. RVK – is not an exception.

Even though  RVK  is list of some important Arabic/Persian words with Sanskrit equivalents, it is  very important because of their throwing light on sociopolitical, economic, revenue related, Judicial etc. systems of Maratha regime.

Starting from Amarakosha of Amarasimha, Sanskrit  lexcicographies  are usually in  metrical form. The reason for it is  well known :They can be memorized very easily. Another thing worth notice is,   Sanskrit is  a language which facilitates versified structure in  every record of knowledge. That means,  not only literature but also the treatises on Medicine, Grammar, Philosophy  etc..  are  recorded in  verses in Sanskrit.

So, it is  not a wonder if  a Sanskrit lexicon  documents  Arabic/Persian  words  in versified manner. Raghunatha Pandita (Here after RNP) or    did the same in his Rajavyavaharakosha(here  after RVK). Since RNP  selected only  nouns and not verbs, he could  handle the foreign words in versified manner with ease.

It is stated in a kavya, Shivacaritrapradipa by an unknown author  that because of Moghul  rulers, the usual Sanskrit words almost became obsolete and Shivaji  in attempting  to  employ  the  original  Sanskrit words, ordered  RNP to create a dictionary.

So, anybody can easily conclude that  the work is not written out of  curiosity, neither  to introduce the foreign terminology to the interested public, but created  as  the  political  urge demanded. If RNP had created  it out of curiosity, RVK would have  been a good dictionary of  Arabic/Persian written in  Sanskrit.

Here  the readers may be reminded of two other bilingual dictionaries: Parasiprakasha by Vihari Krishnadasa(1556-1605) and Parasiprakasha by Vedangaraya(1643).Former wrote the work under the order of Akbar and the latter, Shah Jehan. The purpose of these two works are purely literary curiosity and not  political  urge.

Vihari Krishnadasa says:

“It is written for the ones who  want to delve deep in the ocean of Farsi.”

Vedangaraya  says:

“It is written to please Shah Jehan”(Even though the author mentions the name Shah Jehan, he does not say it was written under his order. It clearly shows that the author was not  under pressure).

Written in 384 verses, RVK  has 10 chapters.

The chapters  and the number of words in RVK:(This is according to the printed work edited by Dr.Ramesh Bharadvaj.)

1.Rajavarga.                 109 terms         1-33 :               33 verses

2.Karyasthanavarga      171 terms         34-79:             46 verses

3.Bhogyavarga-            110 terms         80-113:            34verses

4.Shastravarga-              85 terms           114-133:          20 verses

5.Caturangavarga          147 terms         134-176:          43 verses

6.Samantavarga-          49 terms           177-189:          13 verses

7.Durgavarga-              91 terms           190- 215:         26 verses

8.Lekhanavarga-          401 terms         216-326:          111 verses

9.Janapadavarga-         127 terms         327-366:          40 verses

10.Panyavarga-            64 terms           367-384:          18 verses

Total terms:                  1354                            Total verses:     384

Usually Sanskrit  works  start with a Mangalashloka(auspicious verse comprising eulogy of a deity.) Interestingly, RVK  does  not  have  any  Mangalashloka . One can surmise it is  on the lines  of foreign style of writing the books.

Obviously  because of the influential Muslim rulers, the Arabic and Persian words had entered into Indian languages.

It is very wellknown fact that there is possibility of changing the meaning of the words while their entrance into to any alien language. But in most  of  the cases, Muslim terminology has retained its original sense while entering to Indian languages. Exceptions are extremely rare.Some of these words  recorded in RVK are listed here:

Arabic /Farsi    Meaning

Attar                Flowery juice

badashah          King

baki                  Rest of the amount

chavadi             Assemblage

dagalbaji           Cheating

daud                 Running

galla                 Pile of grains

garam               Hot

gasti                 Night watchman

gulab                Flower juice

gulam               Slave

hajam               Barber

hushar              Being aware

jakham             Wound

jama                 Income

javahirkhana     Jewellery shop

jilhe                  District

kaman              Arc

karkhana          Factory

karkun              Worker

kharch              Expenditure

kusti                 Wrestling

lagam               Rein

phursat             Leisure

saman               Belonging

shuru                Starting/commencing

tamasha            Amusement